Made sneakers in Italia Shoes Men sneakers Made Blue 71136 BDX Cool fa1ce6

Made sneakers in Italia Shoes Men sneakers Made Blue 71136 BDX Cool fa1ce6

Item specifics

New with box: A brand-new, unused, and un item (including handmade items) in the original packaging (such as ... Read moreabout the condition
Style: fashion
Brand: Made in Italia US Shoe Size (Men's): see options
MPN: Does not apply
Fashion Men Punk Stripe Metal Heads Pointy Toe Party Dress Shoes Leather Loafers,Hot Mens Moccasins Leisure Shoes Soft Driving Loafer Shoes Slip On Flat Heels Sz,Salvatore Ferragamo Brown Leather Gancini Bit Loafers Men's 11.5 D,NIKE Men's SB Bruin Zoom PRM SE Skate Shoe,New Men's Deer Stags Verge Oxfords - Black (I3),Vintage Casual Leather Oxford Shoes Men's Size 10,New J.D. Fisk Leather Casual Shoes/Sneaker Mens Size 11,Men's Slip On Loafers Commino Taseel Driving Moccasins Casual Shoes Real Leather,Puma Disc Wilderness Pack Men Sneakers Beige 357475-01,Gentlemen/Ladies Cruyff Ripple Navy Blue Trainer Cheap Wholesale trade Different styles,PUMA Men's Blaze Cage Solar FM Black/Steel Gray WhiteStacy Adams Men's Santana 23121 Black Classic Shoes,Ariat Men's Fuse Athletic Shoe, Highlighter Blue Mesh, 9 D US,Man's/Woman's Dockers Men's Luxford Driving Shoe Tan Strong heat and wear resistance luxurious Different styles,NEW Puma Ignite Limitless SR 190482-01 Mens Shoes Trainers Sneakers SALE,Mens Shoe Lacoste Bayliss Vulc 317 Leather Sneaker 34CAM0009231 Black Grey *New*,New Merrell J37829 Jungle Moc Ice+ Gunsmoke Men's Moc Shoes 11 USGentleman/Lady adidas Men's Crazylight Boost Basketball Shoes New market Fast delivery Seasonal promotion,Skechers USA Men's Glides Razan Slip-On Loafer,Chocolate,10 M US,Man/Woman Nike Roshe One Men's Black/Black 511881-026 Good world reputation New style Fine wildSkechers Mens 64021 Dario Morrie Canvas Fashion Sneaker,Salvatore Ferragamo Gancini casual shoes suede leather black,Reebok Senexis MaxTrax Men's Slip Resistant Sneaker,Supra "Graham CW" Shoes (Black/Black) Men's High-Top Leather Winter Snow BootGentlemen/Ladies Florsheim Florida in Cedar, Navy Nubuck use Clearance As of the latest modelmens floral Embroider slip on loafers round toe party shoes plus size party New,ORTHOFEET Mens CARNEGIE Orthopedic Diabetic shoes Slip-On LOAFERS BLACK SZ 10.5M,Cedar Elements Little Wholesale Program - Cedar Shoe Tree - 6 Pairs LargeJOHN FLUEVOG BLACK LEATHER BROGUE WINGTIP MANS CLASSIC ANGLE OXFORD SHOES~11Nike Air Force Premium 1 BaseBall Pack NY Cubans brown 313461 001 - mens 7.5,

Made sneakers in Italia Shoes Men sneakers Made Blue 71136 BDX Cool fa1ce6

Let’s begin with a couple of riddles: What’s bigger than a whale yet hides out of sight?

What could fill 250 semi trucks yet spreads itself thin?

The answer lies in the Blue Mountains of eastern Oregon and it tries to kill whatever it touches. But to see it, you have to know what to look for.

It’s a fungus.

"People don’t think of mushrooms killing trees,” says Greg Filip, a pathologist with the U.S. Forest Service. Trees often benefit from mushrooms at their roots.

Honey mushrooms, however, suck the life out of a number of types of trees. The trees fight back, shoving out the invading fungus, pitch oozing out of holes in the bark. But in many cases it's a lost cause.

“It’s girdled by the fungus,” Filip says. “The fungus will grow all the way around the base of the tree and then kills all the tissues.” Filip stands in the Malheur National Forest surrounded by trees dying in slow motion.

“It could be 20, 30, 50 years maybe before it finally dies,” he says. If you’re thinking of a classic mushroom with a cap and gills and spores, the honey mushroom fits that bill for only a few weeks each autumn.

Most of the year it’s just a thin, white layer that packs a lethal punch. Filip chops with a hand axe at the base of a tree. Higher and higher he removes bark. Even two feet above the roots, he finds a layer of the white fungus. His fingers peel back a layer “like latex paint.” That white fungus spreads up under the tree’s bark and rots its roots.

"Then there’s no movement of water or nutrients up and down the tree when that happens,” Filip says. Back in 1988, Greg Whipple was the first Forest Service employee to realize they had “something different” on their hands. Back then it seemed to cover 400 acres.

Today, its footprint covers more than 3 square miles. “We haven’t seen anything else in the literature that would suggest that anything else in the world is larger in acreage,” Filip says.

They’ve dug out samples far and wide and in every spot they find more fungus. It’s not just the same type of fungus. DNA testing has convinced the scientists this is the largest single living organism in the world.

If you could scoop it all up and pile it together, scientists calculate it could weigh at least 7,500 tons, and maybe up to 35,000 tons. That’s the weight of more than 200 gray whales. This humongous fungus is nothing new.

“When you realize this fungus spreads at 1 to 3 feet a year and you have something that large, you can calculate the age," Filip says. "And we’re looking at something anywhere from 2,000 to 8,000 years old. Its scientific name is Armillaria.

It also has a couple common nicknames, including “honey mushroom” and “shoestring fungus.” Instead of white, rubbery layers, the fungus sends out black fibers underground. The trees’ interconnected roots provide an unwitting pathway for this parasite on the prowl. The honey mushroom exists in other places, like Michigan and Germany.

But Oregon’s is the largest ever measured. Near Glenwood, Washington the fungus has plagued private timber harvesters for decades. In the 1970s, researchers set out to see if they could eliminate the fungus entirely on test plots at a private timber farm.

In some areas, they cut trees and dug out stumps. In others, they went farther and raked out every last fibrous root they could find. This produced the best results with less fungus and more pine trees survived after being planted on this treated ground. The study has continued for more than 40 years.

Dan Omdal, with the Washington Department of Natural Resources, says there’s one significant drawback to the most effective approach. “It’s very expensive and oftentimes prohibitive to do that level of intervention.”

Timber companies can’t afford to dig out every last trace of the fungus. Omdal is trying another approach. Perhaps they can find which kind of trees can best manage to live with the fungus.

On DNR land near Glenwood, they deliberately planted four different kinds of conifers inches from the stump of a tree killed by Armillari. Of the ponderosa pine, Doug fir, western larch and white pine, perhaps one can tolerate the fungus without dying.

“Remember, it’s the baddest fungus on the block,” says Omdal. “We’re looking for a tree that can grow in its presence. It’s foolish to plant the same species where you harvested in areas that are infested by the disease.”

In eastern Oregon, pathologist Filip notes there’s another way to view the humongous fungus: as a helpful invasion. It’s simple nature helping nature. The fungus kills trees, rots them and recycles them back into the soil.

“There’s a wildlife benefit to these trees,” says Filip, “Once they’re dead, they decay, the birds begin to excavate them and use them for cavities." Living on such a scale, under entire forests, scientists say the humongous fungus is not something humans will have much impact on. It’s part of the landscape.

men's shoes FDF SHOES 11 () elegant blue white leather suede BZ399-E,