Vince Camuto VC-Daegan Midnight Navy Nubuck Leather Suede Flats Womens M Sz 10 M Womens 0fee28

Vince Camuto VC-Daegan Midnight Navy Nubuck Leather Suede Flats Womens M Sz 10 M Womens 0fee28Vince Camuto VC-Daegan Midnight Navy Nubuck Leather Suede Flats Womens M Sz 10 M Womens 0fee28Vince Camuto VC-Daegan Midnight Navy Nubuck Leather Suede Flats Womens M Sz 10 M Womens 0fee28

Item specifics

New with box: A brand-new, 你, and 我 item (including handmade items) in the original packaging (such as ... Read moreabout the condition
Brand: Vince Camuto
Color: Navy Blue Width: Medium (B, M)
Occasion: Casual Style: Flats
Pattern: Solid Cutout US Shoe Size (Women's): 10
Country/Region of Manufacture: China Material: Suede Leather
Fastening: Slip On Heel Height: Flat (0 to 1/2 in.)
UPC: 886742225143
Sabrinas Marino Navy Blue Suede Bruselas Flat Slip On Comfort Shoe 7 New,Earth 601406WBCK-001 Womens Arbor- Choose SZ/Color.,Seychelles Women's Nifty Moccasin - Choose SZ/ColorSalvatore Ferragamo Women's Classic Black Leather & Velvet Loafers Shoes Size 9N,Badgley Mischka Jewel Women's Havana Pointed Toe Flat - Choose SZ/Color,Chic Womens Cow Leather Lamb Fur lined Warm Mules Slippers Loafers Rivet Shoes_,Thierry Rabotin Darcy Black Suede/Leather Women's Sz 38.5/8.5 Wedge Heels,NIB TORY BURCH BLOSSOM BLACK FLOWERS LEATHER GOLD REVA BALLET FLATS 8Vionic Women's Spark Minna Ballet Flat Black Size 10,Dr.Martens 1461 3 Eyelets Zip Black Womens ShoesMen's/Women's Repetto Red Flats Long-term reputation Stylish and fun Explosive good goods,NIB Women's J/Slides Azul Faux Fur Lined Slip On Flat Sneaker/Mule "Blush Suede",E13 Stuart Weitzman Yourway Denim Platform Sandal Shoes Size 10 M $445,Suede Tory Burch Flats sz 10 $250 Magenta,Womens Fashion Sweet Flowers Mary Jane Flats Leather Ballerina Ballet Shoes,Men's/Women's CLARKS Women's Jocolin Vista Boat Shoe flagship store Clearance Recommended today,Men's/Women's Aerosoles Women's Best Girl Mule Adequate supply and timely delivery special promotion Full range of specifications,NIB TORY BURCH Louisa Python Print Ballet Flat, Multicolor Size 8,NIB Tory Burch AMBROSE Gold Logo Reva Cap Toe Ballet Flats 7-8.5,Trotters Women's Anastasia Ballet Flat, navy, 7.5 N USLeisure Women Bowknot Creepers Flats Slip On Breathable Med Heels Loafers Shoes,Tahari Womens Inca Closed Toe Ballet FlatsAriat 10023015 Cruiser Toffee and Blue Paisley Print Western Casual Slip On Shoe,BATZ FC10 Handmade Leather Womens Ladies Slip-on Clogs Mules, White, 37 M,Gentlemen/Ladies NEW SAM EDELMAN WOMENS ANSLEY MULE Fine workmanship Online export store a lot of varieties,Sperry Top-Sider Bahama Boat Shoes 044, Washed White, 6 US / 36 EU,BIRKENSTOCK WOMEN BOSTON NARROW WINE PER RFSO8F504D2,Gentleman/Lady NEW NISOLO WOMENS JAMES OXFORD NOIR Durable service New products in 2018 cheaper,Men/Women Rocket Dog Women's Marlie Flat Many styles Preferred material TRUE,Ahnu Women's Merritt Sporty Skimmer Sandal, Sahara, 8.5 M US

Vince Camuto VC-Daegan Midnight Navy Nubuck Leather Suede Flats Womens M Sz 10 M Womens 0fee28

Let’s begin with a couple of riddles: What’s bigger than a whale yet hides out of sight?

What could fill 250 semi trucks yet spreads itself thin?

The answer lies in the Blue Mountains of eastern Oregon and it tries to kill whatever it touches. But to see it, you have to know what to look for.

It’s a fungus.

"People don’t think of mushrooms killing trees,” says Greg Filip, a pathologist with the U.S. Forest Service. Trees often benefit from mushrooms at their roots.

Honey mushrooms, however, suck the life out of a number of types of trees. The trees fight back, shoving out the invading fungus, pitch oozing out of holes in the bark. But in many cases it's a lost cause.

“It’s girdled by the fungus,” Filip says. “The fungus will grow all the way around the base of the tree and then kills all the tissues.” Filip stands in the Malheur National Forest surrounded by trees dying in slow motion.

“It could be 20, 30, 50 years maybe before it finally dies,” he says. If you’re thinking of a classic mushroom with a cap and gills and spores, the honey mushroom fits that bill for only a few weeks each autumn.

Most of the year it’s just a thin, white layer that packs a lethal punch. Filip chops with a hand axe at the base of a tree. Higher and higher he removes bark. Even two feet above the roots, he finds a layer of the white fungus. His fingers peel back a layer “like latex paint.” That white fungus spreads up under the tree’s bark and rots its roots.

"Then there’s no movement of water or nutrients up and down the tree when that happens,” Filip says. Back in 1988, Greg Whipple was the first Forest Service employee to realize they had “something different” on their hands. Back then it seemed to cover 400 acres.

Today, its footprint covers more than 3 square miles. “We haven’t seen anything else in the literature that would suggest that anything else in the world is larger in acreage,” Filip says.

They’ve dug out samples far and wide and in every spot they find more fungus. It’s not just the same type of fungus. DNA testing has convinced the scientists this is the largest single living organism in the world.

If you could scoop it all up and pile it together, scientists calculate it could weigh at least 7,500 tons, and maybe up to 35,000 tons. That’s the weight of more than 200 gray whales. This humongous fungus is nothing new.

“When you realize this fungus spreads at 1 to 3 feet a year and you have something that large, you can calculate the age," Filip says. "And we’re looking at something anywhere from 2,000 to 8,000 years old. Its scientific name is Armillaria.

It also has a couple common nicknames, including “honey mushroom” and “shoestring fungus.” Instead of white, rubbery layers, the fungus sends out black fibers underground. The trees’ interconnected roots provide an unwitting pathway for this parasite on the prowl. The honey mushroom exists in other places, like Michigan and Germany.

But Oregon’s is the largest ever measured. Near Glenwood, Washington the fungus has plagued private timber harvesters for decades. In the 1970s, researchers set out to see if they could eliminate the fungus entirely on test plots at a private timber farm.

In some areas, they cut trees and dug out stumps. In others, they went farther and raked out every last fibrous root they could find. This produced the best results with less fungus and more pine trees survived after being planted on this treated ground. The study has continued for more than 40 years.

Dan Omdal, with the Washington Department of Natural Resources, says there’s one significant drawback to the most effective approach. “It’s very expensive and oftentimes prohibitive to do that level of intervention.”

Timber companies can’t afford to dig out every last trace of the fungus. Omdal is trying another approach. Perhaps they can find which kind of trees can best manage to live with the fungus.

On DNR land near Glenwood, they deliberately planted four different kinds of conifers inches from the stump of a tree killed by Armillari. Of the ponderosa pine, Doug fir, western larch and white pine, perhaps one can tolerate the fungus without dying.

“Remember, it’s the baddest fungus on the block,” says Omdal. “We’re looking for a tree that can grow in its presence. It’s foolish to plant the same species where you harvested in areas that are infested by the disease.”

In eastern Oregon, pathologist Filip notes there’s another way to view the humongous fungus: as a helpful invasion. It’s simple nature helping nature. The fungus kills trees, rots them and recycles them back into the soil.

“There’s a wildlife benefit to these trees,” says Filip, “Once they’re dead, they decay, the birds begin to excavate them and use them for cavities." Living on such a scale, under entire forests, scientists say the humongous fungus is not something humans will have much impact on. It’s part of the landscape.

VANELi Womens gemma Suede Almond Toe, Black Suede, Size 7.5,